Eadweard Muybridge uses a magic lantern and a Zoopraxiscope to project his studies in motion.
George Eastman patents roll film for cameras.
Frederick E. Ives produces the first color pictures.
Louis Lumiere develops a “dry plate” with a gelatin emulsion.
French physiologist Etienne-Jules Marey uses a fisul photographique to make a series of photographs of continuous motion. He first uses the device to study birds’ flight.
Hannibal Goodwin sells his idea for roll film to George Eastman, who then begins mass marketing it as “American film,” or paper coated with emulsion.
In Germany, Ottoman Anschutz creates the electrotachyscope, which recreates movement with transparent chronophotographs.
George Eastman perfects the Kodak camera, making photography available to the consuming public. The camera comes loaded with film. When finished with the roll, the camera owner returns it to the factory, which develops the pictures, reloads the film, and returns the device to its owner.
George Eastman improves on his paper roll film by substituting plastic for the paper.